He suggests that you should create these gradations in tone with the same delicacy and care that you would take if you were drawing a butterfly's wing. I used a Pilot pigment ink drawing pen with a fine 01mm tip.
It is possible to find facsimile editions of Ruskins 1857 The Elements of Drawing but, for practical purposes, the illustrated edition with notes by Bernard Dunstan is more useful. It has been thoughtfully edited and some useful additional notes have been included. It is published by The Herbert Press, London, ISBN 0 7136 52144, paperback.
Lettuces in Line
I started exercise II the other day and found it very difficult. Ruskin asks you to draw an exact copy of an outline drawing, such as a simple illustration in a 'cheap work on botany'. You're expected to draw it the same size - but without tracing!
I go down to the greenhouse and, to my horror, find a monster slug crouched under the leaf of one of the lettuces. I throw it, the slug, not the lettuce, into the field. I decide to draw one of the lettuces for yesterday's diary page (which was also concerned with slugs and lettuces, perhaps I'm getting obsessed). Once I get going with my drawing and forget my worries I find the lettuces attractive subjects to draw in brush pen.
There's an heraldic quality in their flounced jagged edges. I like their linear quality so much that I decide it's not necessary to add a green wash to my sketches.
I can see why artists work in series when they find a subject or mode of work they like. One's not enough is it? Or perhaps you don't share my fascination with lettuce plants.
But my brush pen lines with their varying thickness wouldn't meet with Ruskins approval, at least not for his exercise II:
Vigour and Vulnerability
There's something about their vigour and vulnerability that is both energetic and touching. The friends of mine that I love the most have some of the traits of these lettuce plants: a combination of a confident joy in life which gives you an energising buzz when you're with them, coupled with a vulnerability that melts your heart. I'm sure my friends will be pleased to be compared with lettuces.
When you think of the slugs that are lying in wait for them (this is the lettuces now, not my friends) and the effects that a break in the water supply would have on their succulent leaves you wonder how they're going to survive. I'll try my best and I'll continue to cover them with a cloche each night.
Plant and Planet
It's not so daft to identify with lettuces like this: when you sit to draw a lettuce (or anything else for that matter) that vulnerable plant should, for that moment, become the most important thing on the planet. What you're going to eat for lunch (hopefully not the lettuce) or whether your finished picture will be saleable (not very likely if you're going working through your lettuce obsession as an artist) isn't relevant. Just get in that mood of relaxed concentration and focus on the lettuce!